生物学和医学词汇汇总

魔法师LQ

本文主要用来收集平时遇到的生物学,遗传学,药物学等词汇,短语,表达等。

缩写

英文缩写 英文全称 中文全称 参考
NSCLC non-small cell lung cancer 非小细胞肺癌 1
SCLC small cell lung cancer 小细胞肺癌
PBMC peripheral blood mononuclear cell 外周血单核细胞
ctDNA circulating tumor DNA 循环肿瘤DNA 2
DNA deoxyribonucleic acid 脱氧核糖核酸
FACS fluorescenceactivated cell sorting 荧光激活细胞分类计
SCC squamous cell carcinoma 鳞状细胞癌
EGFR epidermal growth factor receptor 表皮生长因子受体
TKI typrosine Kinase Inhibitor 小分子络氨酸酶抑制剂
mAb receptor monoclonal antibody 单克隆抗体
ALK anaplastic lymphoma kinase 间变性淋巴瘤激酶
PFS Progression free survival 无进展生存
ECG electrocardiogram 心电图
TCGA数据库中部分癌症所写名称
FFPE Formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded 福尔马林固定,石腊包埋
ACC Adrenocortical carcinoma 肾上腺皮质癌
BLCA Bladder Urothelial Carcinoma 膀胱尿路上皮癌
BRCA Breast invasive carcinoma 乳腺浸润癌
CESC Cervical squamous cell carcinoma and endocervical adenocarcinoma 宫颈鳞癌和子宫颈腺癌
CHOL Cholangiocarcinoma 胆管癌
COAD Colon adenocarcinoma 结肠腺癌
COADREAD Colorectal adenocarcinoma 结直肠腺癌
DLBC Lymphoid Neoplasm Diffuse Large B-cell Lymphoma 淋巴肿瘤弥漫性大B细胞淋巴瘤
ESCA Esophageal carcinoma 食道癌
FPPP FFPE Pilot Phase II FFPE试点二期
GBM Glioblastoma multiforme 多形性胶质母细胞瘤 _
GBMLGG Glioma 胶质瘤
HNSC Head and Neck squamous cell carcinoma 头颈部鳞状细胞癌
KICH Kidney Chromophobe 肾嫌色细胞癌 _
KIPAN Pan-kidney cohort (KICH+KIRC+KIRP) 混合肾癌
KIRC Kidney renal clear cell carcinoma 肾透明细胞癌
KIRP Kidney renal papillary cell carcinoma 肾乳头状细胞癌
LAML Acute Myeloid Leukemia 急性髓细胞样白血病
LGG Brain Lower Grade Glioma 脑低级别胶质瘤
LIHC Liver hepatocellular carcinoma 肝细胞肝癌
LUAD Lung adenocarcinoma 肺腺癌
LUSC Lung squamous cell carcinoma 肺鳞癌
MESO Mesothelioma 间皮瘤
OV Ovarian serous cystadenocarcinoma 卵巢浆液性囊腺癌
PAAD Pancreatic adenocarcinoma 胰腺癌
PCPG Pheochromocytoma and Paraganglioma 嗜铬细胞瘤和副神经节瘤
PRAD Prostate adenocarcinoma 前列腺癌
READ Rectum adenocarcinoma 直肠腺癌
SARC Sarcoma 肉瘤
SKCM Skin Cutaneous Melanoma 皮肤黑色素瘤
STAD Stomach adenocarcinoma 胃癌
STES Stomach and Esophageal carcinoma 胃和食管癌
TGCT Testicular Germ Cell Tumors 睾丸生殖细胞癌
THCA Thyroid carcinoma 甲状腺癌
THYM Thymoma 胸腺癌
UCEC Uterine Corpus Endometrial Carcinoma 子宫内膜癌
UCS Uterine Carcinosarcoma 子宫肉瘤
UVM Uveal Melanoma 葡萄膜黑色素瘤
TILs Tumor infiltrating lymphocytes 肿瘤浸润淋巴细胞
TIGIT T cell immunoreceptor with Ig and ITIM domains T细胞抑制性受体
PD-1 programmed death-1 程序性死亡受体-1
TME Tumor microenvironment 肿瘤微环境
FCM flow cytometry 流式细胞分析法
LAC lung adenocarcinoma 肺腺癌
SCC squamous lung cancer 肺鳞癌
SCLC small cell lung cancer 小细胞肺癌
NSCLC non-small cell lung cancer 非小细胞肺癌
TKI tyrosine kinase inhibitors 络氨酸激酶抑制剂
MDSCs myeloid-derived suppressor cells 骨髓来源的抑制细胞
Tregs regulatory T cells 调节性T细胞
CTLs cytotoxic T lymphocytes 细胞毒性T细胞
MPE malignant pleural effusion 恶性胸腔积液
LAG-3 lymphocyte activation gene-3 淋巴细胞活化基因-3
GITR glucocorticoid-induced tumor necrosis factor receptor 糖皮质激素诱导的肿瘤坏死因子受体
CTLA-4 cytotoxic T lymphocyte associated antigen-4 细胞毒性T淋巴细胞相关抗原
TAM tumor associated macrophage 肿瘤相关巨噬细胞
Nrp-1 neuropilin-1 神经毛菌素-1
EGF epidermal growth factor 表皮生长因子
FGF fibroblast growth factor 成纤维生长因子
IL-6 interleukin-6 白介素6
TFG-β transforming growth factor 转化生长因子
PWN-MDSCs polymorphonuclear-MDSCs 粒细胞样MDSC
ADJ adjacent lung tissue 肺癌癌旁组织
PI propidium iodide 碘化丙锭
M-MDSCs monocyte-MDSCs 单核细胞样MDSCs
ARG-1 arginase 精氨酸酶
NOS nitric oxide synthase 一氧化氮合酶
COX-2 cyclooxygenase-2 环氧合酶
ROS reactive oxygen species 活性氧
HGF hepatocyte growth factor 肝细胞生长因子
BSA albumin from bovine serum 牛血清白蛋白
DC dendritic cell 树突状细胞
MHC major histocompatibility complex 主要组织相容性复合物
IFN-γ interferon-γ 干扰素
PD-L1/2 programmed death ligand-1/2 程序死亡配体-1/2
NK natural killer cells 自然杀伤细胞
OS overall survival 总生存
DFS disease-free survival 无疾病生存期
ICIs immune checkpoint inhibitors 免疫检查点抑制剂
CTLA-4 cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated protein 4 细胞毒性淋巴细胞抗原-4
IL-2 Interleukin 2 白细胞介素2 _
KO konckout 基因敲出
WT wild type 野生型
FITC fluorescein isothiocyanate 异硫氰酸荧光素
RCA rolling circle amplification

名词

英文 中文 参考
mutations 变异
germline gene 胚系基因
trinucleotide 三核苷酸
locus 基因座
site 位点
read 读段
Empirical chemotherapy with a platinum-doublet 含铂的二联化疗
first-line therapy 一线治疗
second-line therapy 二线治疗
membrane
plasma 细胞液/血浆
Cholangiocarcinoma 胆管癌
Metaplastic carcinoma 间变性癌
Non-small cell lung cancer 非小细胞肺癌
Invasive carcinoma (NOS) 侵袭性癌(NOS)
Invasive lobular carcinoma 侵袭性小叶癌
Epithelial carcinoma 上皮癌
Invasive ductal adenocarcinoma 侵袭性导管腺癌
Adenocarcinoma 腺癌
Hepatocellular carcinoma 肝细胞癌

动词

英文 中文 参考
map 比对

形容词

动词短语

典型例句

参考文献